Threats and conservation actions
As highly–habitat specialized species, with restricted and fragmented distribution, Dinarolacerta lizards are particularly sensitive to anthropogenic influences. The Mosor and Prokletije rock lizards, as cool-adapted endemic species, living in high altitude "islands" around the Mediterranean basin are under high climate related risk. Global climate change may result in their habitats alteration, becoming too hot or dry for their persistence (Crnobrnja – Isailović & Bowles, 2011). Their habitats are also threatened by illegal logging, forest fires, pollution and urbanization. Some populations also face disturbance by regularly visiting of tourists and nature-lovers. Occasionally, the specimens are collected for different purposes (Džukić, 1991).
The Mosor rock lizard is listed as vulnerable (VU) species according to IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) criteria, owing to severely fragmented and limited distribution and a declining extent and quality of its habitats (Crnobrnja-Isailović et al., 2009). The species is listed on Annex III of the Bern Convention, while upon request of Croatia it was added on Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive in 2013. It is protected by national legislation in Croatia (NN 70/05; 139/08; 57/11) and Montenegro (Official Gasette 76/06). It is listed as vulnerable species in the Red Book of Amphibians and Reptiles of Croatia (Jelić et al., 2012), and in the Red List of fauna of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Škrijelj et al., 2013). Also, it has been proposed as one of the target species in Natura 2000 ecological network in Croatia and Montenegro. The Biokovo mt. population is located within Nature Park of Croatia, while those in Durmitor and Lovćen mts. are located within National Parks of Montenegro..
The Prokletije rock lizard is not protected by law in Montenegro, due to the recent discovery. It was assessed by IUCN in 2011. as least concern species (LC) (Crnobrnja-Isailović & Bowles, 2011), despite the facts that nothing is known about its ecology, population trend and threats and only known site in Monetenegro is located in an unprotected area, outside the borders of National Park Prokletije.
The forest of whitebark pine (Pinus heldreichii) affected by wildfire in Prekornica mt.
Harvested whitebark pine trees (Prekornica mt.), which failed to be protected as natural monuments.